Our research focuses on innovative ways of seamlessly integrating digital media with the effective, expressive and engaging ways people interact in the physical world. Our goal is to make objects responsive, render surfaces and spaces interactive, and augment the human itself. To do so, we leverage cutting-edge technology, such as printed electronics, interactive paper, flexible and multiple displays. This yields novel interaction possibilities for which we design, implement and study user interfaces and interactive systems.

More about our Research Mission

Digital Fabrication Technologies


Soft Inkjet Circuits

We introduce multi-ink functional printing on a desktop printer for realizing multi-material devices, including conductive and isolating inks. This enables circuits on a wide set of materials including tempo-rary tattoo paper, textiles, and thermoplastic.



We present a novel digital fabrication approach for printing custom, high-resolution controls for electro-tactile output with integrated touch sensing on interactive objects. We call these controls Tactlets.


Multi-Touch Kit

Multi-Touch Kit enables electronics novices to rapidly prototype customized capacitive multitouch sensors with a commodity microcontroller and open-source software and does not require any specialized hardware.



LASEC enables instant do-it-yourself fabrication of circuits with custom stretchability. A new one-step laser ablation-and-cutting process creates circuitry and desired stretchability on a conventional laser cutter.

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ObjectSkin is a fabrication technique for adding conformal interactive surfaces to everyday objects. It enables multi-touch sensing and display output that seamlessly integrates with highly curved and irregular geometries.

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HotFlex leverages printed embedded elements, capable of computer-controlled state change, to enable hands-on remodeling, personalization, and customization of a 3D-printed object after it is printed.


Foldio is a new design and fabrication approach for custom interactive objects. The user defines a 3D model and assigns interactive controls; a fold layout containing printable electronics is auto-generated.


Flexibles add expressive deformation input to interaction with on-screen tangibles. Based on different types of deformation mapping, Flexibles can capture pressing, squeezing, and bending input with multiple levels of intensities.


Capricate, is a fabrication pipeline that enables users to easily design and 3D print highly customized objects that feature embedded capacitive multi-touch sensing.


PrintScreen is an enabling technology for digital fabrication of customized flexible displays using thin-film electroluminescence (TFEL).


A multimodal on-surface and near-surface sensing technique for planar, curved and flexible surfaces.

A Cuttable Multi-touch Sensor

In this project, we propose cutting as a novel paradigm for ad-hoc customization of printed electronic components. We contribute a printed capacitive multi-touch sensor, which can be cut by the end-user to modify its size and shape.

Body Interaction

Like a Second Skin

Our work presents psycho-physical findings about how epidermal devices of various elasticity and thickness affect human tactile perception. Findings can guide the design and material selection of future epidermal devices.

Grasping Microgestures

Our work informs gestural interaction with computer systems while hands are busy holding everyday objects. We present results from the first empirical analysis of over 2,400 microgestures performed by end-users.


Tacttoo is a feel-through interface for electro-tactile output on the user’s skin. At less than 35μm in thickness, it is the thinnest tactile interface for wearable computing to date.

Multi-Touch Skin

Multi-Touch Skin are thin and flexible multi-touch sensors for on-skin input. They enable high-resolution multi-touch input on the body and can be customized in size and shape to fit various locations on the body.


FingerInput is a thumb-to-finger gesture recognition system using depth sensing and convolutional neural networks. It is the first system that accurately detects the touch points between fingers as well as the finger flexion.


DeformWear are tiny wearable devices that leverage single-point deformation input on various body locations. This enables expressive and precise input using high-resolution pressure, shear, and pinch deformations.


SkinMarks are thin and conformal skin electronics for on-body interaction. They enable precisely localized input and visual output on strongly curved and elastic body landmarks.


We propose iSkin, a novel class of skin-worn sensors for touch input on the body. iSkin is a very thin sensor overlay, made of biocompatible materials, and is flexible and stretchable.

More Than Touch

An elicitation study on how people interact on skin for controlling mobile devices. Investigates skin-specific input modalities, gestures and their associated mental modals, and preferred input locations.

On-Body Displays

On-body displays leverage instant availability and human physiology for personal and shared information display.

Flexible and Shape Displays

Interactive Tabletops

Spatial Displays

Interactive Paper